Factors that contribute to good health

Health is influenced by many factors.

The genetic component

Each individual is born with a unique set of genes. Unusual genetic patterns and changes can lead to less-than-optimal health in some people. Certain health conditions are associated with genes inherited from parents.

The environment

Environment plays a role in health. Environmental factors are sometimes sufficient to influence health. Occasionally, an environmental trigger can cause illness in people who have an increased genetic risk of a disease.

Having access to healthcare plays a role, but the following factors may have a greater impact on health than this:

  • The place where someone lives
  • The environment in which we live
  • Biology
  • The income of each
  • Educated they are
  • Work status

These can be classified as follows:

  • Social and economic environment: The financial status of a family or community, as well as the social culture and the quality of relationships.
  • Germs and pollution levels can be found in the physical environment.
  • A person’s genetic make-up and lifestyle choices can affect their overall health.

Studies have shown that an individual’s socioeconomic status (SES) is related to their likelihood

 It is important that they live a healthy life, receive a good education, obtain a good job, and be able to afford good healthcare when ill or injured.

People with lower socioeconomic status are also more likely to experience stress related to daily living, such as financial difficulties, marital disruptions, and unemployment.

People with lower socioeconomic status may also be affected by social factors such as discrimination and marginalization.

The SES of a person often determines their access to healthcare. The results of a study conducted in 2018 indicate that people in developed countries with universal healthcare services have longer life expectancies than those in developed countries without universal healthcare.

Health can be affected by cultural factors. Traditions and customs of a society and a family’s response to them can affect a person’s health.

European countries and determined that those who ate a healthy diet had a lower 20-year death rate.

People who eat a healthy diet are more likely to consume fruits, vegetables, and olives than people who regularly consume fast food.

Furthermore, people who ate a Mediterranean diet had a lower 10-year all-cause mortality rate. 

, a person can avoid several diseases by consuming this diet, including type 2 diabetes, cancer, and diseases that damage the brain and nerves.

A person’s health will also be affected by how they manage stress. In addition, people who smoke tobacco, drink alcohol, or take illicit drugs to cope with stressful situations are more likely to develop health problems than those who manage stress through a healthy diet, relaxation techniques, and regular exercise.

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